Manipulation and Dexterity Test - Purdue® Pegboard
Purdue pegboard is used extensively to measure dexterity for two types of activity: gross movements of hands, fingers and arms; and fingertip dexterity.
- 25 collars,
- 45 washers and
- 55 pins,
- examiner's manual with norms.
Measures unilateral and bilateral dexterity for two types of activity - gross movements of hands, fingers and arms, and "fingertip" dexterity in an assembly task. Involves sequential insertion of pegs and assembly of pegs, collars and washers. Includes examiner's manual. Stopwatch, needed for administration of test, is not included. Standardized.
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How to Use the Purdue Pegboard Manipulation & Manual Dexterity Test
The Purdue Pegboard was first developed by Joseph Tiffin, Ph.D. at Purdue University in 1948. Since then, the Purdue Pegboard test has been extensively used for evaluating both fine and gross motor dexterity and coordination of the hands, fingers, arms and fingertips during specific assembly tasks.
Its original use was for a factory setting, in order to evaluate and identify qualified candidates to work in assembly work. Since that time, the use for the Pegboard test has been expanded to be used in a rehabilitative setting specifically working with patients with Parkinson’s, Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke sufferers, and similar illnesses. The Purdue test can also be used by physical and occupational therapists in order to identify weakness or dysfunction following a hand injury. Not only can the test identify deficits, but it can be used to document rehabilitative progress and degree of disability.
The Purdue Pegboard Manipulation test comes with pins, collars, and washers which are located in four cups at the top of the pegboard. When testing the pegs are placed in the cup on the side being tested. While remaining seated, the subjects are then asked to remove the pegs and place them vertically in the holes as fast and consistently as they can. The subject gets 30 seconds and the score is calculated by comparing the completed test results against a chart of normative values.
The accuracy of the Purdue Dexterity test has been validated by research and is useful not just in patient’s over 60, but is also extremely accurate in evaluating dexterity for dual task performance which is useful in both pre-screening and screening job applicants in specific fields. Further, the Purdue Pegboard test has shown consistently in research to provide valuable results evaluating decrease in hand function as a specific disease progresses.
There is something to be said about not needing to reinvent the wheel. The reason the Purdue Pegboard Manipulation & Manual Dexterity test remains the standard test used for manual dexterity is because it provides consistent, reliable results in a time-efficient manner.
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